PRACA ORYGINALNA
Pomoc rozwojowa, rządy i nadużycia finansów publicznych: dowody z Zimbabwe
 
Więcej
Ukryj
1
University of Reading, United Kingdom
AUTOR DO KORESPONDENCJI
Weronika J. Krawczyk   

University of Reading, United Kingdom
Data publikacji: 30-09-2019
Data nadesłania: 14-03-2019
Data ostatniej rewizji: 23-07-2019
Data akceptacji: 23-07-2019
 
Gospodarka Narodowa 2019;299(3):119–144
SŁOWA KLUCZOWE
KODY KLASYFIKACJI JEL
STRESZCZENIE ARTYKUŁU
Celem niniejszego artykułu jest zbadanie procesów nadużyć finansów publicznych, prowadzących do bezpodstawnego wzbogacenia się elit rządzących w Zimbabwe – kraju bogatym w surowce naturalne, lecz – paradoksalnie – niestabilnym wskutek dziesięcioleci rządów Roberta Mugabe. Artykuł analizuje zjawisko korupcji politycznej występującej w Zimbabwe, przekładającej się na złe zarządzanie dochodem narodowym z zasobów naturalnych w celu osiągnięcia prywatnych korzyści oraz konsolidacji władzy. Ponadto, poprzez analizę złożonych sieci oraz mechanizmów organizacyjnych, stworzonych w celu wyprowadzenia majątku publicznego przy pomocy firm fasadowych, w artykule zbadane zostały powiązania pomiędzy zjawiskami korupcji i nielegalnych przepływów pieniężnych. W końcu, ponieważ korupcja polityczna z natury powiązana jest z jakością rządzenia państwem, artykuł analizuje wpływ tej ostatniej na rozwój społeczny, a także efektywność pomocy rozwojowej przekazanej do Zimbabwe. Artykuł napisany został na podstawie analizy źródeł wtórnych, do których zaliczają się istniejące publikacje oraz materiał dowodowy. Jego ustalenia pokrywają się z ogólnym stanowiskiem środowiska akademickiego, które utrzymuje, że zasoby naturalne oraz pomoc rozwojowa mają negatywny wpływ na jakość rządzenia państwem, praworządność oraz, co za tym idzie, na rozwój społeczny, szczególnie w krajach rządzonych przez bezwzględnych przywódców.
Niniejszy artykuł jest oparty na dysertacji magisterskiej pod tytułem "Pomoc rozwojowa, rządy i nadużycia finansów publicznych: dowody z Angoli i Zimbabwe", napisanej w celu uzyskania tytułu magistra na kierunku Finanse Rozwoju Gospodarczego na Uniwersytecie w Reading.
 
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