Gospodarka Narodowa
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Contents of issue 4/2008

Eugeniusz Kwiatkowski, Sylwia Roszkowska - The Development and Regional Diversification of Higher Education in Poland, summary, article

Jacek Klich - The Globalization of Health Services, summary, article

Piotr Kuspys - Economic Cooperation Between Poland and Ukraine, summary, article

Grażyna Osbert-Pociecha, Mirosław Moroz, Janusz Marek Lichtarski - The Elasticity of an Enterprise as a Configuration of Partial Elasticities, summary, article


WORLD ECONOMICS

N. Gregory Mankiw - The Macroeconomist as Scientist and Engineer, article


CONFRENCES - POLEMICS - REVIEWS

Economics and the Value System - Marianna Strzyżewska

Book Review: Hermann Simon, Hilden Champions, des 21. Jahrhunderts. Die Erfolsstrategien unbekannter Weltmarktfuhrer, Campus Verlag, Frankfurt/New York 2007, 451 pp. - reviewed by Andrzej Sznajder

Book Review: Waldemar Czerniasty, Bazyli Czyżewski, Struktury kierowania agrobiznesem w Polsce. Teoria, analiza i tendencje (Agribusiness Management Structures in Poland: Theory, Analysis and Trends), Wydawnictwo Akademii Ekonomicznej w Poznaniu, Poznań , 289 pp. - reviewed by Grzegorz Ślusarz

Investment in Human Capital - Tadeusz Smuga





Eugeniusz Kwiatkowski, Sylwia Roszkowska - The Development and Regional Diversification of Higher Education in Poland

The paper examines the “educational potential” of Poland’s university-level schools. The authors analyze the main trends in the education system’s development and identify regional differences in this area.
The starting point for the analysis are the theories of human capital and endogenous growth. They highlight the importance of human capital investments in the education system and their role in the country’s economic growth.
The authors build taxonomic indicators to describe the condition and prospects of college education in individual regions.
Analyses made as part of the research project show that Poland’s higher education system underwent some significant changes during the country’s transition from central planning to a market economy. There are also major differences between public and private universities in their educational strategies. Public colleges often use different standards of education, while private schools rarely develop cost-intensive programs.
Poland’s higher education system is strongly diversified regionally. Taxonomic analyses confirm that there are major differences in educational opportunities in individual regions. Mazovia and Western Pomerania provinces led the way in this area in 1999-2005, while regions such as Opole, Warmia-Mazuria, Lubuskie, Podkarpacie, and Kujawy-Pomerania lagged behind.

Keywords: educational potential, higher education, regional diversification
Article: PDF



Jacek Klich - The Globalization of Health Services

The paper reviews available literature on globalization processes in health services. The aim is to identify the main research challenges and basic trends in this area. The analysis is made with the use of SinceDirect, EBSChost, BMJ Journals, ProQuest Medical Library and MEDLINE-PubMed data and covers the 1990-2007 period.
The author concludes that theoretical discussions and empirical studies on the globalization of health services are still at an early stage of development even though health services and related sectors have a considerable share in most countries’ GDP. The paper offers a modified version of a model for describing the influence of globalization on health.
The author shows that the growing influence of globalization on national health care systems is accompanied by an increased share of the private sector in these systems. At the same time, countries are increasingly adopting measures to boost the role of private funds in financing their health care systems. Analyses show international medical services are almost exclusively provided by private businesses. This means that globalization is primarily benefiting private health service providers and private investors, the author says.

Keywords: globalization, health services, General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS), telemedicine, medical tourism, outsourcing, private health sector
Article: PDF



Piotr Kuspys - Economic Cooperation Between Poland and Ukraine

The article focuses on economic cooperation between Poland and Ukraine. The author analyzes documents and legal regulations governing this cooperation. The paper compares statistical data on trade between the two countries and bilateral investment in industry, financial services and the energy sector. The main purpose of the paper is to show that bilateral economic relations are stable and testify to the existence of a strategic partnership between Poland and Ukraine. The analysis of bilateral agreements reveals that the existing legal framework is sufficiently developed to encourage further investment and economic cooperation between Poland and Ukraine. Moreover, many Polish investment projects in Ukraine and Ukrainian projects in Poland confirm that there is a high level of mutual interest. Another conclusion is that the limited capacity of the Polish-Ukrainian border poses a major obstacle to the development of bilateral cooperation. To remedy this problem, it is necessary to make better use of all available legal instruments and introduce joint customs and border clearance at all border crossings between the two countries, Kuspys says.

Keywords: economic cooperation, Poland, Ukraine, bilateral trade
Article: PDF



Grażyna Osbert-Pociecha, Mirosław Moroz, Janusz Marek Lichtarski - The Elasticity of an Enterprise as a Configuration of Partial Elasticities

The paper deals with the issue of enterprise elasticity. In economic theory, elasticity is the ability of an organization to identify and take advantage of available opportunities to minimize or reduce market threats. The elasticity of an organization is a desirable feature in a turbulent environment. The elasticity of a business enables it to optimally adapt itself to market conditions. This adaptation involves an optimal time frame and factors influencing the company’s capabilities.
An enterprise’s elasticity can be looked at as a configuration of partial elasticities. The authors examine the relationship between the elasticity of an organization as a whole and the elasticity of its individual resources. The paper describes the results of research into selected aspects of elasticity in production, services, deliveries, sales, human and financial resources management, and organizational structures.
To attain their goal, the authors carried out empirical studies among 34 businesses. The collected data allowed them to formulate conclusions about the decomposition of enterprise elasticity. As part of the study, the authors identified seven partial elasticities and ranked them on the basis of a statistical analysis.

Keywords: Enterprise elasticity, partial elasticities, competitive advantage, management
Article: PDF

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