Contents of issue 4/2009
Marian Gorynia, Barbara Jankowska, Maciej Pietrzykowski, Piotr Tarka - The Impact of Euro Adoption on the International Competitiveness of Enterprises in Poland’s Wielkopolska Region, summary
Andrzej Sznajder, Marzanna Katarzyna Witek-Hajduk - The Marketing Strategies of Polish Light Industry Enterprises on the European Union Market: Standardization and Adaptation, summary
Sylwia Roszkowska - Economic Factors Behind Interregional Migration in Poland, summary
Jan Zwierzchowski - How Pension Systems Influence Fertility, summary
, articleEUROPEAN INTEGRATION
Jacek Szlachta, Janusz Zaleski - Territorial Cohesion and Its Impact on the Structural Policy of the European Union, summary
, articleCONFRENCES - POLEMICS - REVIEWS
Book Review: Jerzy Wilkin, Iwona Nurzyńska (eds.), Polska wieś 2008. Raport o stanie wsi
(The Polish Countryside in 2008: A Report on the State of Rural Areas), Fundacja na Rzecz Rozwoju Polskiego Rolnictwa, Warsaw 2008, 218 pp. - reviewed by Marian Zalesko
Book Review: OECD Territorial Reviews. POLAND
, Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development, 2008, 250 pp. - reviewed by Grzegorz Konat
Marian Gorynia, Barbara Jankowska, Maciej Pietrzykowski, Piotr Tarka - The Impact of Euro Adoption on the International Competitiveness of Enterprises in Poland’s Wielkopolska Region
Most previous analyses of Poland’s planned accession to the euro zone focused on the macroeconomic aspects of the move, while overlooking its microeconomic significance. The authors of this paper are concerned with the impact of euro adoption on the competitiveness and internationalization of enterprises. The basic question that they attempt to answer is how euro-zone entry will change the conditions in which Polish businesses operate, and how it will change the range of instruments companies use in the process of building a competitive advantage and in shaping their competitive strategies. Gorynia, Jankowska, Pietrzykowski and Tarka conducted empirical research among 50 enterprises in the western Polish region of Wielkopolska. They divided the companies into four groups by employment. Most of the companies supported Polish euro-zone entry, but the level of acceptance depended on the strategic potential of an enterprise. According to respondents, lower currency risk would be the most important benefit of the move, while the main threat is that soaring prices could harm domestic demand.
The results of the research contribute to a nationwide debate on the implications of Polish entry into the common currency area. According to the paper’s authors, research in this area should be continued to cover not just individual regions but the whole country.Keywords
: euro adoption, single European currency, European Union, euro area, international competitivenessArticle
Andrzej Sznajder, Marzanna Katarzyna Witek-Hajduk - The Marketing Strategies of Polish Light Industry Enterprises on the European Union Market: Standardization and Adaptation
The paper examines the marketing strategies of Polish light industry enterprises in European Union countries. It also analyzes the determinants of a process whereby companies are adapting their marketing strategies to EU standards.
The authors used the computer assisted telephone interviewing (CATI) method to collect data for their research. The survey was made on a random sample of 61 medium-sized and large enterprises in light industry, including textile, clothing and leather producers.
The research shows that many Polish light industry enterprises have modified their marketing strategies and pricing policies after Poland’s EU entry in 2004. This especially applies to their business in the new member countries of the bloc. The results obtained by Sznajder and Witek-Hajduk are in line with the findings of other studies quoted in the article.Keywords
: marketing strategies, light industry, European Union, standardization, adaptationArticle
Sylwia Roszkowska - Economic Factors Behind Interregional Migration in Poland
The article examines the economic determinants of interregional migrations in Poland in 1995-2006. The author describes selected theoretical issues linked with the process and analyzes the influence of economic factors on interregional migration flows.
Roszkowska evaluates the influence of selected macroeconomic variables on interregional migration flows using gravity models and data such as GDP per capita, labor productivity, unemployment, and the level of urbanization in individual provinces in Poland in 1995-2006.
The analysis enabled the author to identify the most popular destinations for migration. These are chiefly provinces with a relatively well-developed infrastructure, a modern labor force structure by sector, and high economic development indicators. Outlying and poor provinces are the least popular destinations as far as migration is concerned, Roszkowska says. She concludes that the economic development of individual provinces-measured with indicators such as GDP per capita, the situation on regional labor markets, including differences in pay and unemployment rates, and the size of urban centers-has a statistically significant impact on interregional migration flows in Poland.Keywords
: migration, gravity model, regional inequalities, developmentArticle
Jan Zwierzchowski - How Pension Systems Influence Fertility
The paper aims to show the way in which pension systems affect fertility rates. The author outlines the history of pension systems and traces changes in fertility. The article includes a brief overview of demographic theories and tells the reader why these approaches are inadequate in explaining fertility trends.
In his analysis, Zwierzchowski makes use of the overlapping generations model (OLG) to show why and under what circumstances pensions may discourage people from having children.
After further theoretical research, the author concludes that the negative influence of pension systems on fertility could be neutralized by the introduction of a public assistance program targeted at parents. The costs of such a program could be covered by those who do not have children, Zwierzchowski says. While today’s welfare state systems cover some of the costs of bringing up children, it is unclear to what extent this assistance neutralizes the negative impact of pension systems on fertility, Zwierzchowski notes.Keywords
: pension system, fertility, overlapping generations model (OLG), welfare stateArticle
Jacek Szlachta, Janusz Zaleski - Territorial Cohesion and Its Impact on the Structural Policy of the European Union
Expenditure on structural policy is the second largest item in the European Union’s budget. Structural funds and the cohesion fund are intended for the bloc’s poorest countries and regions, and their aim is to increase the cohesion of the entire community. Under the EU reform treaty, the traditional model of economic and social cohesion would be expanded to include a third dimension—territorial cohesion. The authors analyze the implications of the introduction of territorial cohesion to European structural policy. They evaluate EU program documents and research in this area. Szlachta and Zaleski set out to explain why the territorial dimension of European structural policy is important to Poland and why European cohesion policy should be modified after 2013. The paper describes the theoretical foundations of European structural policy, paying special attention to the role of regional factors for community-level intervention and the course of convergence processes. Against this background, the authors describe the EU’s regional policy and its territorial dimension over the past 20 years. The paper also discusses the most important conclusions from a public debate on territorial issues in Europe, and mentions issues such as the EU Green Paper on territorial cohesion and its importance for reforming the EU’s structural policy after 2013.Keywords
: cohesion, structural policy, convergence, European Union, regional developmentArticle